Bokeh is the soft out of focus effect you get in part of an image. Bokeh comes from the Japanese for blur or haze and can add another element to your image.
Bokeh is not too difficult to capture if you have a lens with a big or fast aperture. With a lens with a 1/2.8 stop (which is what I use), you have a shallow depth of field, allowing the further background to become distorted or out of focus. The further away the background is, the more Bokeh effect is possible.
If you do not have a lens with a large aperture, if you move very close to the subject, you can still create a Bokeh effect, if the background is also very far away. Ensure that your item is in sharp focus, and this should blur the background. It may take a bit of practice without a fast lens, but it is still possible.
Good subjects to utilise Bokeh are portraits, flowers and macros and lights (such as fairy or Christmas lights). Colour or black and white are also useful.
1. Aperture priority and chose the biggest aperture you can!
2. Get close to the subject (still, keep in mind your composition!)
3. Keep your distance from the background (if it’s too close Bokeh is not possible)
4. Sharp focus on your subject
6. Review, Reflect and Re-evaluate – change your settings if you need to, move about
7. Practice and share your images!